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Dracaena draco
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Unranked: Angiosperms
Unranked: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Ruscaceae
Genus: Dracaena
Vand. ex L.[1]

See text


Terminalis Medik.[1]

Dracaena (pronounced /drəˈsiːnə/,[2] romanized form of the Ancient Greek δράκαινα - drakaina, "female dragon") is a genus of about 40 species of trees and succulent shrubs classified in the family Ruscaceae in the APG II system, or, according to some treatments, separated (sometimes with Cordyline) into a family of their own, Dracaenaceae or in the Agavaceae. The majority of the species are native in Africa, with a few in southern Asia and one in tropical Central America. The segregate genus Pleomele is now generally included in Dracaena. The genus Sanseviera is closely related, and has recently been synonymized under Dracaena in the Kubitzki system.


  • Dracaena americana – Central America Dragon Tree
  • Dracaena aletriformis (Haw.) Bos)
  • Dracaena arborea – Tree Dracaena
  • Dracaena aubryana Brongn. ex E.Morren (=D. thalioides)
  • Dracaena bicolor Hook.
  • Dracaena cincta
  • Dracaena cinnabari Balf.f. – Socotra Dragon Tree
  • Dracaena concinna Kunth
  • Dracaena draco (L.) L. – Canary Islands Dragon Tree
  • Dracaena elliptica
  • Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl. (=D. deremensis) – Striped Dracaena, Compact Dracaena, corn plant, Cornstalk Dracaena
  • Dracaena goldieana W.Bull
  • Dracaena hookeriana
  • Dracaena mannii
  • Dracaena marginata Lam. – Red-edged Dracaena or Madagascar Dragon Tree
  • Dracaena marmorata
  • Dracaena ombet – Gabal Elba Dragon Tree
  • Dracaena phrynioides
  • Dracaena reflexa Lam. – Pleomele Dracaena or "Song of India"
  • Dracaena sanderiana Sander ex Mast. – Ribbon Dracaena, marketed as "Lucky Bamboo"
  • Dracaena surculosa Lindl. – Spotted Dracaena or Gold Dust Dracaena
  • Dracaena tamaranae – Gran Canaria Dragon Tree
  • Dracaena umbraculifera Jacq.[2]

Formerly placed here[]

  • Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce (as D. medeoloides L.f.)
  • Cordyline australis (G.Forst.) Endl. (as D. australis G.Forst.)
  • Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A.Chev. (as D. terminalis Lam.)
  • Cordyline indivisa (G.Forst.) Steud. (as D. indivisa G.Forst.)
  • Cordyline obtecta (Graham) Baker (as D. obtecta Graham)
  • Cordyline stricta (Sims) Endl. (as D. stricta Sims)
  • Dianella ensifolia (L.) DC. (as D. ensifolia L.)
  • Liriope graminifolia (L.) Baker (as D. graminifolia L.)
  • Lomandra filiformis (Thunb.) Britten (as D. filiformis Thunb.)[2][3]

Common Names[]

Janet Craig, Green Corn Plant


  • Allow soil to dry between waterings


  • Will grow in low light
  • Has been shown to remove formaldehyde from the surrounding environment


  1. 1.0 1.1 Template:Cite web
  2. 2.0 2.1 Template:Cite web
  3. Dracaena names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database.